How to Distribute Your Digital Music

Introduction
In the age of digital music distribution, with its endless channels and intricacies, it can be a daunting task for independent artists to try to navigate through all the requirements of each digital music distributor in order to get music tracks uploaded and ‘stocked’ in digital stores such as iTunes. Luckily, a few enterprising services have sprung up on the net to act as the aggregator and a one-stop-digital distributor-shop, thereby greatly simplifying a very complicated process. Today we will review several such services, one of which in depth, called The Bizmo.

Music Promotion

Our focus here at Audiofanzine has always been gear- reviewing, updating, testing and breaking. But gear at the end is at the service of music creation. Once music is produced, mixed and mastered, we will want to release the music for everyone to hear. Artists eventually face the marketing and distribution cross roads, and more and more, in the age of DIY and independent artists, artists will try to upload their music directly on iTunes, Amazon MP3, and other leading digital music stores while at the same time doing a bit of viral marketing and general promotion. It forces an artist to wear many hats these days, and to dedicate more time than ever before to the business of promoting music. Once a single is ‘done’, the work has just begun, and between tweeting, performing, publishing and selling (and perhaps a day job), an artist is stretched thin to say the least.

Every artist knows that in order to promote music you should upload tracks to your various social network profiles, do an email campaign, book gigs, woo bloggers and magazine editors to review your music, schmooze, network, beg, cajole and talk to anyone online and off who will give you 2 minutes of their time. But today, we’d like to take this a step further and introduce you to a service we recently discovered here called The Bizmo, which, in addition to the to-do-list above, can be a very useful service to help both your small time viral campaign and your big time music distribution endeavors, with minimal headache considering the mammoth task at hand.

The Microstore Widget
The Bizmo microstore widget can be a great addition to your viral/online marketing efforts by embedding it in your personal webpage, My Space/Face Book profiles, or email blasts. It is a good tool to keep in touch with fans of your music and gives your selling efforts that personal intimate touch of a ‘mom and pop shop’.

Newcomers to the Bizmo website will be glad to find a simple, uncluttered homepage, with clear and concise instructions as to what the Bizmo does and how you can join. Registration is simple and easy and thereafter you find yourself in the microstore widget space where you can easily upload and sell:

  • Music Dual download
  • Videos Dual download
  • Tickets to your gigs
  • Merchandise (e.g. t-shirts)
  • E-books, Sheet music or similar pdf formatted products
  • Ring tones Dual download

All the digital products are so called dual downloads. That means they are delivered both to your customers mobile phone and to their PC as well. Each time someone buys a digital product via the widget they get three things:

  1. An option to download the product to their PC straight out of the microstore
  2. An email with the download link in it.
  3. An SMS message (If they supplied a phone number) containing a link that downloads the content directly to their phone.

OK great. So once you have stocked the widget with all your products you can upload the widget directly to your Facebook, My Space, Ning, and Sky Rock profiles if you have them – or to any other website you manage by copying and pasting the html code. The process is relatively straightforward and simple from the My Store page on The Bizmo. On My Space it worked like a charm and within minutes our Audiofanzine microstore was embedded on the homepage of my personal profile for everyone to see. On Facebook, the situation is less ideal as the widget finds itself embedded not on your profile homepage but under the ‘Shop’ tab. Apparently, though this is because The Bizmo has a hard time catching up with Facebook’s ever changing code…Hmm, so does everybody else.

The good thing about the microstore is that it is free to set up and use. Second, we find the design attractive, clean and clear. Once you edit your store it is automatically updated everywhere almost in real time. We very happily encountered no bugs along the way.

Money Matters
If you are not sure what to charge for your products on the microstore, The Bizmo has created a small guideline for you to reduce thinking time. The amount you earn from each sale depends mainly on 4 factors:

  1. The price you set: You decide the retail price from the above price brackets; your profit is generally a percentage of that price.
  2. The type of product you sell: External costs vary between products, e.g. shipping for T-Shirts
  3. The payment method the customer chooses, e.g. charges for mobile phone payments are much higher than on credit cards
  4. The currency the product is sold in. The Bizmo operates with several currencies and the bank exchange rates vary.

The average return is more or less 70% of the retail price. The money is deposited into your Pay Pal account which you can withdraw whenever you’d like. If you have a Bizmo Silver account you get 100% of the retail price.

We should mention that The Bizmo was not the first to come up with this type of widget, and Nimbit, a veteran in the fields of direct-to-fan sales and marketing solutions for independent artists, was first and is the market leader. But today we find that at least when it comes to the microstore widget, The Bizmo offers more products for sale on the widget for free! While Nimbit does pay out 80% of retail price, their free service only includes music selling. If you want to sell tickets, t-shirts, DVDs, merchandise etc. on Nimbit you will have to upgrade to the Nimbit Retail account at $9.95/month or $99 for the whole year.

Super Distribution
While The Bizmo microstore is a nice freebie to have, The Bizmo’s music distribution system is “Super”, as they call it. Super or not, we will soon find out, one thing is clear: if you want to graduate to the big times you will need at some point to grapple with global distribution systems such as iTunes, Amazon MP3, Napster, Spotify etc.

Getting a track to go live on iTunes or Napster for example can be a tricky business. Every retailer has its own requirements. iTunes, for example requires a completely different format called Apple Lossless. Each has its own idiosyncrasies regarding artwork formats, quality and content. Moreover, today big distributors actually do not accept submissions from independent artists and require artists to actually go through an aggregator! This is because operationally it is extremely more burdensome to deal with a torrent of individuals uploading music rather than a few big aggregators and labels. Furthermore, when settling royalty payouts it becomes an accounting nightmare for music distributors if they need to settle millions of individual accounts.

In addition, for each track you will need to supply:

  1. An ISRC (“International Standard Recording Code”) for tracking and accounting purposes.
  2. A Universal Product Code (UPC) or barcode exclusively associated with your release. Getting these codes by yourself is also a bit of a headache, and can cost up to $50 per code.

Being that there are dozens of major retailers that your tracks should be on, not to mention hundreds of other retailers that you might want to distribute your songs on, an independent DIY distribution project for your music can take months and you might lose your sanity along the way. And as we mentioned before, in most cases big distributors will not accept submissions from individuals. Hence, there is almost no choice today for the independent artist/label: you MUST use an aggregator to distribute your music.

Hence, here The Bizmo launched a service whereby it acts as the ‘super label’ and you give it the non-exclusive rights to submit your music to digital retailers on your behalf to iTunes, Amazon and over 130 retailers for $34.95 US per year regardless of how many tracks or albums. The Bizmo’s cut? 15% from revenues you receive from selling your music. In this regard, facing the competition, The Bizmo has rightfully earned the title “super distribution” as it distributes your music to the widest range of stores. Yet, as the old adage goes- “it’s not the quantity but the quality that counts”, and an iTunes distribution can be a lot more valuable than distribution in 50 lesser known stores. Still, it’s impressive.

So how does it work? Unfortunately, if you’ve already uploaded your songs to the microstore widget you will have to upload them again on the Super Distribution system, as the latter is a whole different ballgame so to speak with much stricter guidelines and standards. Next, the SD (Super Distribution) system will quickly generate for you all the UPC and ISRC codes for your tracks in case you don’t have them. For each track/album you will need to enter a host of metadata on the SD Content Management System including detailed release info, tracks, artists, territories for release, retailers to submit to etc. While this seems cumbersome, it is unfortunately a necessary evil as this is the information that will be sent to the retailers and how your song will be displayed. Any changes later will be very difficult to implement as apparently big retailers such as iTunes not well-oiled machines for content updates. Hence, take your time to enter all the information correctly!

Finally we come to the file upload area. Your cover image must be a perfect square and not smaller than 1400 X 1400 pixels. Music file requirements are as such:

  1. Supported format is WAV (PCM).
  2. Bitrate not lower than 1.4Mbps.
  3. Sampling rate not lower than 44.1KHz.
  4. Bits per sample not lower than 16.
  5. A minimum of 2 channels (stereo).
  6. Should originate from a high quality source.

If you are not sure what some of these things mean, there are handy Wikipedia links embedded to give you a quick tutorial.

While the whole process seems a bit long and heavy, it does give you a sense of power and control over your music and its metadata. Uploading a 36MB WAV file took us 23 minutes with high speed internet with no bugs or upload failure messages.

After we’ve submitted our tracks we wait for them to go live. The day after we checked their status and saw that they have already been submitted to four major stores including iTunes. There is no alert system, neither by the distributors nor by Bizmo to inform you that your track is live. It is up to you to check the stores regularly – it could take up to 6-8 weeks to see your tracks live. And then of course, there is always the chance that your track might be rejected by a store for various reasons unrelated to the aggregator. It’s not a perfect science.

We should mention some of The Bizmo’s competition, as “super distribution” is a brand new service having been just recently launched in September 2009 and so far it looks poised to give market leaders something to watch out for. While we did not go through the whole process of trying to distribute music with the other aggregators, on the face of it here is a brief synopsis of their major offerings:

TuneCore: Has a complicated pricing model. For single tracks you pay a flat price of $9.99 per year to put up one single in all 14 stores. For albums, you pay $0.99 per track, $0.99 per store per album, and $19.98 per album per year storage and maintenance. Tunecore pays 100% royalties with no cut.

CD Baby: Charges $35 per album (in all 24 stores) and $20 per UPC number (!). For downloads from their site they take a 25% cut of retail price (minimum 29 cents). From other outlets like iTunes and others, they pay 91% royalties.

Reverbnation: Charges $34.95 per release per year (in 10 stores). One can have up to 50 tracks in one release. Pays out 100% of royalties, but must have a balance of at least $5 to withdraw funds.

Nibmit: Charges $9.95 per month or $99 per year (in 6 stores) for an unclear number of songs. Pays out 100% of royalties.

Digital Music Has Changed the World – Are You On Board?

Digital music has completely changed the way we listen to music… even making some of the “old” ways irrelevant. Today’s music players are mp3 players. You can listen to an Apple iPod or any number of other mp3 players out there. The nice thing about a good mp3 player is that you can store all of your music in one easy place and literally carry it with you where ever you go.

A good beat can change the way you look at the world. Face it, a horrible day can turn around on a dime with the right song. Some people might still enjoy playing their favorite music on an eight track players, and actual records are making a serious comeback. So whether you were of the cassette tape generation or more “modern” and were CD babies, today’s digital music is clearer, more easily available and literally at your fingertips.

So with a digital mp3 player you can enjoy any song, anywhere you go. And with an expandable player you can add extra memory to expand your ability to their mp3 players so that as your collection grows, so does your ability to store it. So if you are running out of space, don’t worry, there is no need to delete your music… just expand your memory.

One of the main reasons digital music has had such a significant impact and the only real option of listening to music is that it lets the average person collect, store and easily access as much music as their heart desires. And it doesn’t matter if you are traveling or at home, having your vast mp3 collection is really one of the great joys in life. Music at the touch of your finger tips is one of the best ways to pass the time and to find entertainment when you are alone.

And now with the low cost to distribute music digitally there is so much to variety to choose from you can find yourself always discovering some new genre or artist to fulfil your need for music. Now, don’t fall into the hype, an iPod is awesome, but just as there are millions of songs available one for each persons tastes, so is the case with mp3 players. Maybe not millions, but the variety is wide enough that if you look around and test what works for you, you are sure to find the right one for you.

So the enjoyment of mixing your own soundtrack for Christmas or an office party is all within your reach now that digital music is accepted by most everyone. So what are you going to do with your music collection? How are you going to change your world with the power of digital music?

What’s Your Digital Music Promotions Report Card?

You might have gotten a passing grade for producing a good single, but how do you grade in your digital music promotions?

It’s no longer the wave of the music industry- it’s practically the only way to succeed in today’s music industry. Yes, MySpace, Twitter, Facebook, and etc is all the rave, and you need to join the bandwagon or not even bother at all, but it’s far more than having a social profile. Digital music promotions is all about SEO (search engine optimization) and cross promoting across various online outlets. It’s about blogging and being blogged about. It’s about P2P networks and online music stores. There’s so much to digital promotions, and if you think it’s one-dimensional and all about Myspace & Facebook, then you’re in for a rude awakening.

Here’s a few factors to grade your digital music promotions strategy:

1. If you Google search your name, your record label, or the title of your single/album, do you come up first on the searches or at least in the first page? If not, then you have NO online visibility and this is a dead end for your digital promotions strategy. Let me prove you in this. Do a simple Google search of the following phrases and you’ll see how a small number of companies dominate the first page on the Google search: “Music Marketing Company,” “Publicist in Atlanta,” “Atlanta Music Labels,” and “Fashion Marketing Companies.” There’s about 50+ other industry related key phrases that we dominate, but no need to list all of them here. How did we do it? Well, that’s another conversation. The point is that you need to be highly visible in the search engines.

2. Speaking of online visibility, what type of buzz have you built online? Do you have any writeups online? Is your music circulating the online music download circuit? Is it easy to find you online?

3. If someone were to surf the various online DJ networks and music boards, would they find your single?

4. Have DJs included your single in their online mixtapes, podcasts, and streaming stations?

5. How many different sources are you using to promote your music? Remember, the key in marketing is frequency. A DJ is more likely to gravitate towards your single if they notice that it’s being promoted among different sources. It’s called “buy-in” and you need a lot of it in this industry.

6. Are you just running through these social networking sites or are you cultivating a meaningful database of potential fans?

7. Is your Widget going viral? If you’re not familiar with using Widgets in using promotions or about Viral Internet Marketing then chances are that you failed on this factor.

8. Do you have a mechanism for capturing the email addresses and mobile numbers of those who listen to your music or visit your page?

Based on your answers above, what grade would you receive on your Digital Music Promotions Report Card? Anything less than a “C” means that it’s time to go back to the drawing board. A grade of a “B” means that you’re probably on the right track, but there’s still a lot more work to be done in order to secure profitable sales levels.

Digital Music Production – What is a Soundcard?